WordPress Vocabulary

As you explore WordPress, these are some of the terms that you will come across. 

  1. Admin Area
    The area of the website that can only be accessed by logging into WordPress, from which content is created, modified or removed and settings changed.
  2. Administrator
    The highest-level user role within WordPress. Administrators have unrestricted access to the WordPress Admin Area.
  3. Attachment
    An attachment is the term used to refer to any media (images, video, etc) used within a post or page.
  4. Autosave
    The act of automatically saving your content as you create it. WordPress autosaves your content as you create/write it.You can see when WordPress last performed an autosave by looking in the lower right corner of the editor, where a notification of when the entry was last saved to the database is displayed.
  5. Avatar
    The small icon, photograph or graphical representation of a user that often appears next to that user’s name or comments.
  6. Blog
    A discussion or informational website consisting of a series posts or articles typically displayed such that the most recent entries appear first.
  7. Category
    A special type of predefined WordPress taxonomy used as the primary means of organizing and grouping (i.e. categorizing) WordPress posts of a similar nature.
  8. Child Theme
    A WordPress theme that inherits the functionality of another theme, known as the parent theme.
  9. Comments
    A feature of weblogs that allows readers to respond to posts by leaving a comment, which, if approved by the author, will be displayed underneath the content of the blog post.
  10. CMS
    A CMS (Content Management System) is a system for creating and managing online content.
  11. CSS
    CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is a computer language used to express the presentation (layout, dimensions, colors, etc) of structured documents (usually written in HTML). Bascially, CSS tells the browser how to display the content that makes up each webpage.
  12. Dashboard
    The main administration screen within the WordPress back end. This is the screen that appears after logging in and displays various information through special admin screen widgets that users can enable, disable and move around on the screen.
  13. Default Theme
    A theme that comes preinstalled with a new WordPress installation.
  14. Domain Name
    The part of a network address that identifies it as belonging to a particular domain, e.g. ‘ezoneschool.com’.
  15. Excerpt
    A kind of summary or condensed description of a blog post that typically shows up (provided you’ve entered one) in search results, RSS feeds and anywhere in the theme that it’s been programmed to do so, such as on archive and category pages.
  16. Featured Image
    A specific image that the user can upload that becomes assigned to a specific post or page. This image will then appear in certain predefined positions that are chosen by the developer responsible for coding the particular theme currently in use.
  17. Footer
    The part of a website normally displayed at the bottom of the webpage.
  18. Front End
    The part of the site that visitors who come to the site see and interact with – as opposed to the back end, which is only visible by those who login to your website.
  19. FTP
    FTP (File Transfer Protocol) is a standard network protocol used to transfer (i.e. upload and download) files between a computer and a server (or from one server to another). To access your WordPress files on a server, you’ll need an FTP client, such as Filezilla.
  20. functions.php
    A file located within a theme that contains a number of PHP functions that enable specific theme-functionality.
  21. Gravatar
    A globally recognized avatar that’s usually associated with a user’s email address, such that it may automatically appear wherever that user enters his/her email address (typically used in forums/commenting systems).
  22. Header
    The part of a website normally displayed at the top of the webpage.
  23. Hosting
    A type of hosting service that provides users with their own space on a server connected to the internet, from which to serve files (which may, for example, take the form of a website) to users who can access/view them through specialized software, such as web browsers.
  24. .htaccess
    A hidden file (meaning it is not normally visible through standard FTP client settings) used primarily to configure certain Apache web server software for the directory in which it resides.
  25. HTML (HyperText Markup Language) is the main computer language for creating web pages (and other information) that can be displayed in a web browser.
  26. IP Address
    An IP (Internet Protocol) address is a numerical label assigned to computers, printers, and mobile devices, etc, that connect to the internet through a network that uses the Internet Protocol to communicate.
  27. JavaScript
    A commonly used computer language that allows client-side scripts to interact with the user, control the browser and alter the content displayed through the browser.
  28. Localhost
    Localhost basically just means ‘this computer’. It is a name that the computer’s software can use to access the computer’s network services. 
  29. Loop
    Also known as the ‘WordPress loop’, the loop is a section of PHP code used to display WordPress posts.
  30. Media
    In WordPress circles, media usually refers to forms of content other than text, such as images and video.
  31. Meta
    The term meta refers to a concept that is an abstraction from another concept, used to complete or add to the latter. In WordPress, meta refers to administrative type data contained in HTML tags (often read by search engines) that aid in describing and/or defining what the web page is about.
  32. Multisite
    A WordPress feature that allows multiple WordPress sites to share a single WordPress installation.
  33. Page
    A single web page with its own unique URL. WordPress pages tend to be used for content that does not change – such as information about the company/website.
  34. Parent Theme
    A theme with files and/or functionality used by a child theme.
  35. Permalinks
    An unchanging, single URL specifically allocated to a specific web resource (i.e. a page, post, etc) that will continue to point to that same resource indefinitely.
  36. PHP
    PHP is a popular server-side scripting language designed specifically for integration with HTML. WordPress is written using PHP and requires it for operation.
  37. phpMyAdmin
    A free and open source tool written in PHP intended to handle the administration of a mySQL database through a web browser.
  38. Pingback
    A system that allows a blogger to see who has seen the original post and has written their own entry concerning it – provided both authors have pingback-enabled websites.
  39. Plugin
    One or more files containing PHP code that extends the functionality of a standard WordPress installation.
  40. Post
    Content that has been written and published to a blog.
  41. Post Formats
    A specific piece of meta information contained within certain themes that can be used to customize the presentation of a blog post. Read more about post formats in the official WordPress codex.
  42. Post Types
    The types of structured data maintained in the WordPress posts table.
  43. Post Status
    The current status of certain content within WordPress, such as posts and pages; available statuses include ‘published’ (viewable by everyone), ‘draft’ (incomplete post viewable only by logged-in users above a certain user level), or ‘private’ (viewable only to logged in WordPress users at the administrator level).
  44. Responsive
    Websites that have been designed to provide an optimal viewing experience on any size screen/device. For example a website being able to adjust whether its on a dessktop or phone.
  45. Robots.txt
    A text file aimed at passing on certain data to the web crawlers and web robots used by search engines to read websites and web pages.
  46. Role
    A designation of WordPress user that determines the level of access a user has to the website. Read more about WordPress roles in the official WordPress codex.
  47. RSS
    RSS (Really Simple Syndication) is a family of web feed formats used to publish frequently updated content – such as blog posts.
  48. SEO
    SEO (Search engine optimization) is the process of affecting the visibility of a website or a web page in a search engine’s organic (unpaid) search results.
  49. Server
    A computer that is connected to the internet (usually permanently) for the purpose of hosting single or multiple websites.
  50. Shortcodes
    Special tags (short bits of code) that allow users to quickly and easily pull bits of predefined functionality into their content.
  51. Sidebar
    The vertical section of a website normally displayed to either the left or right of the main content.
  52. Slug
    A WordPress slug is usually an automatically-generated (although they can be easily edited) URL-friendly version of the post or page title – an ideal slug is usually a few words that best describe a page or post.
  53. Spam
    Any form of obtrusive, unsolicited and unwelcome advertising sent out en masse.
  54. Tag
    A special type of predefined WordPress taxonomy used as a second (the first being WordPress categories) or alternative means of organizing and grouping WordPress posts. Unlike categories, the use of tags is entirely optional.
  55. Tagline
    A short (often catchy) phrase that usually resides under the main title or logo of a blog – usually used to try and convey the character/meaning of the website in only a few concise words.
  56. Taxonomy
    In WordPress, a taxonomy is a subclass used to classify WordPress posts. WordPress has two predefined taxonomies: categories and tags – although it also allows for the creation of, user-defined, custom taxonomies.
  57. Template
    A file used by the theme to define either a complete page or part of a page, such as the header, the sidebar or the footer.
  58. Text Editor
    Software used to edit text files in plain text format.
  59. Theme
    A set of files used to define both the look and feel of a WordPress website without modifying any of the underlying WordPres core files.
  60. Toolbar
    The horizontal (black) bar that appears at the top of a WordPress site for logged in users and contains a number of useful administration screen links.
  61. URL
    The term URL (or ‘uniform resource locator’) refers to the web address of a specific location/resource on the internet – which, in most cases, is displayed within the browser’s address bar.
  62. Widgets
    A self-contained area of a WordPress webpage (typically within either the sidebar or the footer) that performs a specific function, such as displaying a calendar or a list of recent posts.
  63. WordCamp
    The name given to all formal WordPress-related conferences – in which people come together primarily to learn more about WordPress and associate with other like-minded people.
  64. wp-config.php
    One of the most important files within the WordPress core, the wp-config.php file contains various essential information, such as database connectivity settings and WordPress security keys.